This page is dedicated to articles on Antarctica and the Arctic Polar Ranges with other cold weather venues figuring in from time to time, especially, Greenland and Alaska but possibly also Siberia and Scandinavia and Southern Chile; with also a few facts about the warmer climates that surround these freezing venues and how they are not even unhuman temperatures around them, such as for instance, South Africa and Madagascar, Southern Australia, the Indo-China Reef (Indonesia), the South Islands in the Southern Ocean and remarkably also the South of India, which all have remarkable ties to the Antarctic in venue; withall of to the North — the Islands and peninsulas between the Hemispheres which populate the North Pole and the Northern Extremes of Canada, besides Siberia, Greenland & Scandinavia.  Since the North Pole has a greater water supply than the Southern Ocean across the domain of the planet, there seem to be fewer land venues to speak of.
My beginning article entry from around the web concerns the topics of the populated venues in Antarctica.  Principally, there are only research stations on the barren, Ice Continent — I will often refer to it in this blog, I am sure, as the Ice Kingdom, but that is meant in relation to its Northern partner as well, and primarily as referential to a Norse Mythological Ideal.  This is simply for a story effect to my posts (if I do add any words to my article reposts at all; am not sure yet).  But for the case of contributing a storied effect to mythological venues of the kind herein, I will begin with a short commentary to suggest that, as a story, Antartica truly does has urbanized venues out of its research station venues.  And I believe it is venue that stands for urbanization because it nevertheless houses a human population and so it represents the possibility for a civilized city venue, should an amazing technology of “indoor-ing” (or climatizing ultra-cold locations for indoor living), similar to the hopes of “indoor-ing” Mars some day, should suddenly become reality.
I understand these Urban Venues in Antarctica are the principal cities of our story.  These places are, the South Pole Station of course (and we know that there is no law upon the Earth that will ever allow for a public urban venue there); but anyway, the South Pole Station is also known as the Amundsen-Scott Base Station; it belongs to the USA; then there is the O’Higgins Abandoned Station, which is abandoned into the Northeastern Part of Queen Maude’s Land for continued research in environmental issues on the Continent; it is also known as Troll Station and houses a very healthy population of penguins, surrounding a very controversial eastern mountain range because of the mythologies tied to its possible archeological realism; it is a station very close to the very important South Georgia Islands venue which houses actual civilization besides research; it belongs to Chile and Germany and is an immense sprawling station, including Dome, or Tor (the coldest place on Earth besides the South Pole, but not recently; which belongs to Norway) and if the Halley (western/eastern border) abandoned station along with the Neumeyer abandoned (western/eastern border) abandoned station are included into its domain it is also British and German again respectively, with Norway (and partially Denmark by proxy of the land itself), owning the Troll site respects; this is by far probably of the most competing importance (after the South Pole) to the Ross Island stations which are the most urbane for ease of traffic and access reasons, besides also the South Georgian Islands in both proximate venue enough to cover McMurdo and Troll interests; Davis and Casey, which belong to Australia; McMurdo, the Ross Island location in question, which belongs to the USA; Mawson, which is sometimes abandoned, and belongs to Australia; and Scott Base, also in the Ross Island domain which belongs to Australia, but is sometimes abandoned.  There are many, many more stations, but they are too small to be noticed for any story of a possible urban domain to dream of, so the urban requirement for our continuing story is primarily an area of occupied survey and holding which can easily support human life and its self-supporting commerce and survival; as these locations seem to do.
Article Caption: “McMurdo Base: the Closest Antarctica Comes to Having a Town”
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Article Caption:  “Native Antarcticans”   two-adelies1
Who Lives In Antarctica? The Population of Antarctica. | Cool Antarctica
But let’s also begin with a map reference.
antarctica_map
Countries that own bases in Antartica (shaded in orange).
antarctican_bases
But? There is a great deal of media that suggests that there is no hope to find bedrock within or surrounding the ice layers of the continent; so, therefore, the question is often posed, what part does the rock particle of the continent have in the glacial effects of climate changes recently and could they be infrastructured by human land engineering techniques and/or technologies to increase some cold weather to the ocean water locations which seem to affect the bipartisan magnetic land pole* continent more than anything else?  (*This is my own posturing postulate on the nearly hemispheric continent east to west of its own accord in relation to the South Pole (Admunsen-Scott) venue; whereas, as this abstract below states, the one side is firm to cold qualities, the other side wants to stray to the subterranean quality of its own locaton and it almost seems to be a broken problem of the magnetic pole at the center; or possibly; so, bi-partisan of its own land; agreed to be separate and the same.  If the continent became magnetically hemispheric to itself, as some doom-seekers suggest, then, it would take the core to hemispheres as well and before the waters could cover the void (rather Biblical sounding correct?), then fire of the core would decimate most of the life overhead.)
antarctica_without_ice_sheet
Photo Caption/Abstract: “Deglaciated Antarctic Topography”
“This is topographic map of Antarctica after removing the ice sheet and accounting for both isostatic rebound and sea level rise. Hence this map suggests what Antarctica may have looked like 35 million years ago, when the Earth was warm enough to prevent the formation of large-scale ice sheets in Antarctica. Isostatic rebound is the result of the weight of the ice sheet depressing the land under it. After the ice is removed, the land will rise over a period of thousands of years by an amount approximately 1/3 as high as the ice sheet that was removed (because rock is 3 times as dense as ice). Approximately half the uplift occurs during the first two thousand years [1]. If the ice sheet is removed over more than a few thousand years, then it is possible that a majority of the uplift will occur before the ice sheet fully disappears. As indicated in the map, Antarctica consists of a large continental region (East Antarctica) and group of seas and smaller land regions (West Antarctica). Since the West Antarctic ice sheet is partially anchored below sea level, this region is less stable and more likely to be affected by global warming. Even so, it is likely that during the next century increased precipitation over Antarctica will offset melting. Even in the event of severe sustained warming, it would take many thousands of years for Eastern Antarctica to be fully deglaciated.”